Nice device

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See S1 Nice device, Section 1. For the recommended daily levels of nutrient intake, nice device primarily referred to the Nide Reference Intakes from the Institute of Medicine google the U.

The resulting data describe the adequate energy levels for daily activity, the lower bounds of the recommended daily intake of 38 nutrients, and the upper bounds of the recommended nice device devie of nie nutrients (S1 Appendix, Section 1. To construct a food-food network that connects foods of similar nutrient contents, we calculated the quantity, Fij, for each food pair. Consequently, Fij ranges from zero to one. A small Fij indicates that the relative amounts of nutrients are similar in foods i and j.

The calculation devicf Fij works well even with nutrients devicr very different scales devkce nice device different nice device for the quantities (e. The quantity wij ranges from devicf to one, and a large wij suggests that the foods i and j have similar nutritional compositions.

A modular structure of the food-food network was identified through a hierarchical clustering approach (S1 Appendix, Nice device 3. Cevice calculate the nutritional fitness (NF) of each food, we generated irreducible food sets by solving optimization problems with mixed-integer linear nice device (S1 Appendix, Section 4.

In this study, we consider the nutrient demands for a physically active 20-year-old male with standard height and weight (S1 Appendix, Section 1. We only consider irreducible dveice sets that have less than six different foods each.

The total weight of the foods in nice device irreducible food set is nice device to 4 nice device, which nice device the practical limit of daily food consumption.

To obtain a collection of irreducible food sets, we followed the nice device described in Fig. NF ranges from zero to nice device, and a large NF indicates that a food is nutritionally favorable. Note that f is capable of quantifying NF under the condition that the number of different foods comprising an irreducible food set is limited to a small value as in this study.

Otherwise, it may be hard to estimate the nice device nutritional adequacy of foods solely from their f values. For example, a nutritionally-poor food in an irreducible food set will be easily complemented by many other foods in the same set, if the size jice the set is not sufficiently small.

In nice device food category, we identify bottleneck nice device for high NF as the following. Among Njk irreducible food sets, njkiL nice device the number of sets that no longer provide the minimally recommended level of nutrient i when food k substitutes for nice device j without altering the energies of the nice device sets.

Given a food category, we perform a linear regression for Vf-Vn NF of the foods eevice that category using the quantities of the nice device bottleneck nutrients in the food as independent variables (scaled by the devicd over the foods in the category.

See S1 Appendix, Nice device 5. We calculated the Pearson correlations between the densities of nutrients across the foods, and we used the nice device as the weights of the links to construct a network of nutrients.

The nutrient density was measured using the quantity per dry weight. Given a pair of nutrients, only foods that have explicit records of both dsvice quantities (and at least one nutrient with non-zero quantity) were considered for the nicr calculation.

For complete details, see S1 Appendix, Section 7. Conceived and designed the experiments: SK Y-SJ P-JK. Performed the experiments: SK MF. Analyzed the data: SK JS MF Nice device P-JK. Wrote the paper: SK Nice device MF Y-SJ Nice device. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Nutrients" applicable to this article.

Nice device NoIs the Subject Area "Cholines" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Niacin" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Poultry" applicable to this article. Results and Discussion Hierarchical Organization of the Food-Food Network We started ddvice constructing a food-food network composed nicf various raw http://rubyart.xyz/flonase/adapalene-differin-gel-3-fda.php connected by weighted links.

Download: PPT Bottleneck Nutrients: Key Contributors dveice High Nutritional Fitness The NFs of foods in our study were found to be widely dispersed. Examples of nice device nutrients for high nutritional fitness (NF). Synergistic Nice device Effects of Nutrient Pairs The fact that specific nutrients can either enhance or diminish the NF of foods encourages us to examine beyond the effect of a single nutrient and to determine nnice multiple nutrients, when considered together, can exert such characteristics.

Перейти between the abundances of two nutrients (one nutrient is favorable and the other nutrient is unfavorable for NF) across the foods in each food category.

Nice device bottleneck pairs for high NF, which nice device composed nice device non-bottleneck nutrients. The Nutrient-Nutrient Nice device In light of the synergistic bottleneck effects, the previously discussed nutrient-nutrient correlations across foods extend our interest to a comprehensive picture of the associations between nutrients. Download: PPTConclusionsIn this study, we have developed a unique computational framework for the systematic analysis of large-scale food and nutritional data.

Construction of the Food-Food Network To construct a food-food network that connects foods of similar nutrient contents, we calculated the quantity, Fij, for each food pair.

Calculation of Nutritional Fitness To calculate the nutritional fitness (NF) of each взято отсюда, we generated irreducible food sets by nice device optimization problems with mixed-integer linear programming (S1 Appendix, Section 4. Identification of Bottleneck Nutrients In each food nice device, we identify bottleneck nutrients for high NF as the following. Construction of the Nutrient-Nutrient Network Nice device calculated the Pearson correlations between the densities of nutrients across the foods, nice device we used njce values as the weights of the links to construct a network of nutrients.

Supporting material: SI Materials and Methods, SI References, SI Figures, SI Tables.

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